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Press Release:

New index highlights worldwide corruption crisis,
says Transparency International
The Corruption Perceptions Index 2001 ranks 91 countries. Almost two-thirds of the countries ranked in the new index score less than 5 out of a clean score of 10

Paris, 27 June 2001
Deutsche Version Espa˝ol Version franšaise
 
Additional Information on the 2001 Corruption Perceptions Index

Explanatory
notes

A more detailed description
of the CPI methodology is
available at
www.gwdg.de/~uwvw/2001.htm




2001 CPI Score
relates to perceptions
of the degree of corruption
as seen by business
people, academics and
risk analysts, and ranges
between 10 (highly clean)
and 0 (highly corrupt).

Surveys Used
refers to the number of
surveys that assessed a
country's performance.
A total of 14 surveys
were used, and at least
three surveys were
required for a country
to be included in the
CPI.

Standard Deviation
indicates differences in
the values of the
sources: the greater the
standard deviation, the
greater the differences
of perceptions of a
country among the
sources.

High-Low Range
provides the highest and
lowest values of the
sources. Since each
individual source has
its own scaling system,
scores are standardised
around a common mean for
the subset of countries
featuring in the
individual survey.
As a result, it is
possible in rare cases
that the highest value
exceeds 10.0 and the
lowest can be lower than
0.0. Only the aggregate
final country scores are
restricted to the
reported range between
0 and 10.

The 2001 Corruption Perceptions Index

Country
Rank
Country 2001
CPI
Score
Surveys
Used
Standard
Deviation
High-Low
Range
1 Finland 9.9 7 0.6 9.2 - 10.6
2 Denmark 9.5 7 0.7 8.8 - 10.6
3 New Zealand 9.4 7 0.6 8.6 - 10.2
4 Iceland 9.2 6 1.1 7.4 - 10.1
Singapore 9.2 12 0.5 8.5 - 9.9
6 Sweden 9.0 8 0.5 8.2 - 9.7
7 Canada 8.9 8 0.5 8.2 - 9.7
8 Netherlands 8.8 7 0.3 8.4 - 9.2
9 Luxembourg 8.7 6 0.5 8.1 - 9.5
10 Norway 8.6 7 0.8 7.4 - 9.6
11 Australia 8.5 9 0.9 6.8 - 9.4
12 Switzerland 8.4 7 0.5 7.4 - 9.2
13 United Kingdom 8.3 9 0.5 7.4 - 8.8
14 Hong Kong 7.9 11 0.5 7.2 - 8.7
15 Austria 7.8 7 0.5 7.2 - 8.7
16 Israel 7.6 8 0.3 7.3 - 8.1
USA 7.6 11 0.7 6.1 - 9.0
18 Chile 7.5 9 0.6 6.5 - 8.5
Ireland 7.5 7 0.3 6.8 - 7.9
20 Germany 7.4 8 0.8 5.8 - 8.6
21 Japan 7.1 11 0.9 5.6 - 8.4
22 Spain 7.0 8 0.7 5.8 - 8.1
23 France 6.7 8 0.8 5.6 - 7.8
24 Belgium 6.6 7 0.7 5.7 - 7.6
25 Portugal 6.3 8 0.8 5.3 - 7.4
26 Botswana 6.0 3 0.5 5.6 - 6.6
27 Taiwan 5.9 11 1.0 4.6 - 7.3
28 Estonia 5.6 5 0.3 5.0 - 6.0
29 Italy 5.5 9 1.0 4.0 - 6.9
30 Namibia 5.4 3 1.4 3.8 - 6.7
31 Hungary 5.3 10 0.8 4.0 - 6.2
Trinidad & Tobago 5.3 3 1.5 3.8 - 6.9
Tunisia 5.3 3 1.3 3.8 - 6.5
34 Slovenia 5.2 7 1.0 4.1 - 7.1
35 Uruguay 5.1 4 0.7 4.4 - 5.8
36 Malaysia 5.0 11 0.7 3.8 - 5.9
37 Jordan 4.9 4 0.8 3.8 - 5.7
38 Lithuania 4.8 5 1.5 3.8 - 7.5
South Africa 4.8 10 0.7 3.8 - 5.6
40 Costa Rica 4.5 5 0.7 3.7 - 5.6
Mauritius 4.5 5 0.7 3.9 - 5.6
42 Greece 4.2 8 0.6 3.6 - 5.6
South Korea 4.2 11 0.7 3.4 - 5.6
44 Peru 4.1 6 1.1 2.0 - 5.3
Poland 4.1 10 0.9 2.9 - 5.6
46 Brazil 4.0 9 0.3 3.5 - 4.5
47 Bulgaria 3.9 6 0.6 3.2 - 5.0
Croatia 3.9 3 0.6 3.4 - 4.6
Czech Republic 3.9 10 0.9 2.6 - 5.6
50 Colombia 3.8 9 0.6 3.0 - 4.5
51 Mexico 3.7 9 0.6 2.5 - 5.0
Panama 3.7 3 0.4 3.1 - 4.0
Slovak Republic 3.7 7 0.9 2.1 - 4.9
54 Egypt 3.6 7 1.5 1.2 - 6.2
El Salvador 3.6 5 0.9 2.0 - 4.3
Turkey 3.6 9 0.8 2.0 - 4.5
57 Argentina 3.5 9 0.6 2.9 - 4.4
China 3.5 10 0.4 2.7 - 3.9
59 Ghana 3.4 3 0.5 2.9 - 3.8
Latvia 3.4 3 1.2 2.0 - 4.3
61 Malawi 3.2 3 1.0 2.0 - 3.9
Thailand 3.2 12 0.9 0.6 - 4.0
63 Dominican Rep 3.1 3 0.9 2.0 - 3.9
Moldova 3.1 3 0.9 2.1 - 3.8
65 Guatemala 2.9 4 0.9 2.0 - 4.2
Philippines 2.9 11 0.9 1.6 - 4.8
Senegal 2.9 3 0.8 2.2 - 3.8
Zimbabwe 2.9 6 1.1 1.6 - 4.7
69 Romania 2.8 5 0.5 2.0 - 3.4
Venezuela 2.8 9 0.4 2.0 - 3.6
71 Honduras 2.7 3 1.1 2.0 - 4.0
India 2.7 12 0.5 2.1 - 3.8
Kazakhstan 2.7 3 1.3 1.8 - 4.3
Uzbekistan 2.7 3 1.1 2.0 - 4.0
75 Vietnam 2.6 7 0.7 1.5 - 3.8
Zambia 2.6 3 0.5 2.0 - 3.0
77 Cote d┤Ivoire 2.4 3 1.0 1.5 - 3.6
Nicaragua 2.4 3 0.8 1.9 - 3.4
79 Ecuador 2.3 6 0.3 1.8 - 2.6
Pakistan 2.3 3 1.7 0.8 - 4.2
Russia 2.3 10 1.2 0.3 - 4.2
82 Tanzania 2.2 3 0.6 1.6 - 2.9
83 Ukraine 2.1 6 1.1 1.0 - 4.3
84 Azerbaijan 2.0 3 0.2 1.8 - 2.2
Bolivia 2.0 5 0.6 1.5 - 3.0
Cameroon 2.0 3 0.8 1.2 - 2.9
Kenya 2.0 4 0.7 0.9 - 2.6
88 Indonesia 1.9 12 0.8 0.2 - 3.1
Uganda 1.9 3 0.6 1.3 - 2.4
90 Nigeria 1.0 4 0.9 -0.1 - 2.0
91 Bangladesh 0.4 3 2.9 -1.7 - 3.8

Note on the Bangladesh score:
Data for this country in 2001 was available from only three independent survey sources, and each of these yielded very different results. While the composite score is 0.4, the range of individual survey results is from -1.7 to +3.8. This is a greater range than for any other country. TI stresses, therefore, that this result needs to be viewed with caution.